ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-160320-9
Noncanonical function of Threonyl-tRNA synthetase regulates Vascular Development in Zebrafish
Cao, Z., Wang, H., Mao, X., Luo, L.
Date: 2016
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications   473(1): 67-72 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Luo, Lingfei
Keywords: Threonyl-tRNA synthetase, Vegf, angiogenesis, tars, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Blood Vessels/physiology
  • CRISPR-Cas Systems
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Genotype
  • Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Morphogenesis
  • Mutation
  • Mutation, Missense
  • Neovascularization, Physiologic*
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction
  • Threonine-tRNA Ligase/genetics*
  • Threonine-tRNA Ligase/physiology*
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/physiology
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
PubMed: 26993167 Full text @ Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.
The canonical functions of Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) are indispensable for protein synthesis. However, recent evidence indicates that some AARSs possess additional biological functions (noncanonical functions) related to immune responses and vascular development. Here, we identified a zebrafish cq16 mutant presenting the disorganized vessels with abnormal branching of the established intersegmental vessels (ISVs) as well as aberrant patterning of the brain vascular network after 50 hours post fertilization. The cq16 mutant gene is responsible for encoding threonyl-tRNA synthetase (tars) with a missense mutation. The abnormal branching of ISVs was caused by the increased expression of vascular endothelial growth factor A (vegfa) in tars(cq16) mutant. Inhibition of Vegf signaling suppresses the abnormal vascular branching observed in tars(cq16) mutant. Furthermore, injection of human TARS mRNA potently reduced the vascular aberrant branching in tars(cq16) mutant, indicating a conserved function of tars in regulating angiogenesis between zebrafish and human. Therefore, we conclude that noncanonical function of tars regulates vascular development presumably by modulating the expression of vegfa.