Sodium Selenite Acts as an Otoprotectant against Neomycin-Induced Hair Cell Damage in a Zebrafish Model

Chang, J., Choi, J., Rah, Y.C., Yoo, M.H., Oh, K.H., Im, G.J., Lee, S.H., Kwon, S.Y., Park, H.C., Chae, S.W., Jung, H.H.
PLoS One   11: e0151557 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Park, Hae-Chul
Zebrafish, Neomycins, Apoptosis, Fluorescence microscopy, Larvae, Mitochondria, Cell staining, Transmission electron microscopy
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis/drug effects
  • Biological Assay
  • Cell Count
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/drug effects
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/pathology*
  • Hair Cells, Auditory/ultrastructure
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling
  • Lateral Line System/drug effects
  • Lateral Line System/pathology
  • Lateral Line System/ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Neomycin
  • Neurons/cytology
  • Neurons/drug effects
  • Protective Agents/pharmacology*
  • Sodium Selenite/pharmacology*
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
26974429 Full text @ PLoS One
Sodium selenite is a trace element essential for many physiological functions in the body. It is involved in various biological processes; it acts as a cofactor for antioxidant enzymes that protect against free radicals and is reported to limit metal-mediated oxidative DNA damage. In the present study, we investigated the effect of sodium selenite on neomycin ototoxicity in wild-type and transgenic zebrafish (Brn3C: EGFP). Five or six days post-fertilization, zebrafish larvae were co-exposed to 125 μM neomycin and various concentrations (10 μM, 100 μM, 250 μM, and 500 μM) of sodium selenite for 1 h. Hair cells within neuromasts of the supraorbital (SO1 and SO2), otic (O1), and occipital (OC1) lateral lines were analyzed by fluorescence microscopy (n = 10 fish per treatment). Hair cell survival was estimated as the ratio of the hair cell numbers in each group compared to those of the control group that were not exposed to neomycin. Apoptosis and hair cell damage of neuromasts were evaluated using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT)-mediated dUTP-biotin nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay and 2-[4-(dimethylamino) styryl]-N-ethylpyridinium iodide (DASPEI) assay, respectively. Ultrastructural changes were evaluated using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Neuromast hair cells were preserved in zebrafish exposed to 125 μM neomycin and 500 μM sodium selenite for 1 h. Sodium selenite protected against neomycin-induced hair cell loss of neuromasts, reduced apoptosis, and prevented zebrafish ultrastructural changes. We propose that sodium selenite protects against neomycin-induced hair cell damage by inhibiting apoptosis, decreasing the disarray of stereocilia, and preventing ultrastructural changes in the neuromast hair cells of the zebrafish.
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