ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-150506-1
Automated Scalable Heat Shock Modification for Standard Aquatic Housing Systems
Saera-Vila, A., Kish, P.E., Kahana, A.
Date: 2015
Source: Zebrafish   12(4): 312-4 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Kahana, Alon, Kish, Phillip
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animal Welfare*
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/genetics
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/growth & development
  • Animals, Genetically Modified/physiology
  • Aquaculture/instrumentation
  • Aquaculture/methods*
  • Heat-Shock Response*
  • Housing, Animal*
  • Water Quality*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
PubMed: 25942613 Full text @ Zebrafish
Heat shock is a common technique for inducible gene expression system in a variety of organisms. Heat shock treatment of adult zebrafish is more involved and generally consists of manually transferring fish between housing rack tanks and preheated water tanks or the use of timed heaters in stand-alone aquaria. To avoid excessive fish handling and to take advantage of the continuous flow of a standard housing rack, proposed modifications consisted of installing an aquarium heater inside each tank, manually setting the heater to reach heat shocking temperatures (>37°C) and, after that, testing that every tank responded equally. To address the limitations in the existing systems, we developed a novel modification of standard zebrafish housing racks to perform heat shock treatment in conditions of continuous water flow. By adding an extra manifold to the housing rack and connecting it to a recirculating bath to create a parallel water flow system, we can increase the temperature from standard conditions (28.5°C) to heat shock conditions with high precision (38.0-38.3°C, mean±SD=38.1°C±0.14°C) and minimal variation among experimental tanks (coefficient of variation [CV]=0.04%). This means that there is virtually no need for laborious pretreatment calibrations or continuous adjustments to minimize intertank variation. To test the effectiveness of our design, we utilized this system to induce enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) expression in hsp70-EGFP fish and performed a fin regeneration experiment with hsp70l:dnfgfr1-EGFP fish to confirm that heat-induced gene expression reached physiological levels. In summary, our newly described aquatic heat shock system minimizes effort during heat shock experiments, while ensuring the best water quality and fish welfare and facilitating large heat shock settings or the use of multiple transgenic lines for both research and teaching experiments.