ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-141209-6
Two-photon instant structured illumination microscopy improves the depth penetration of super-resolution imaging in thick scattering samples
Winter, P.W., York, A.G., Nogare, D.D., Ingaramo, M., Christensen, R., Chitnis, A., Patterson, G.H., Shroff, H.
Date: 2014
Source: Optica   1: 181-191 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chitnis, Ajay
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms: none
PubMed: 25485291 Full text @ Optica
Fluorescence imaging methods that achieve spatial resolution beyond the diffraction limit (super-resolution) are of great interest in biology. We describe a super-resolution method that combines two-photon excitation with structured illumination microscopy (SIM), enabling three-dimensional interrogation of live organisms with ~150 nm lateral and ~400 nm axial resolution, at frame rates of ~1 Hz. By performing optical rather than digital processing operations to improve resolution, our microscope permits super-resolution imaging with no additional cost in acquisition time or phototoxicity relative to the point-scanning two-photon microscope upon which it is based. Our method provides better depth penetration and inherent optical sectioning than all previously reported super-resolution SIM implementations, enabling super-resolution imaging at depths exceeding 100 μm from the coverslip surface. The capability of our system for interrogating thick live specimens at high resolution is demonstrated by imaging whole nematode embryos and larvae, and tissues and organs inside zebrafish embryos.