Cxcl8-l1 and Cxcl8-l2 are required in the zebrafish defense against Salmonella Typhimurium

de Oliveira, S., Lopez-Muñoz, A., Martínez-Navarro, F.J., Galindo-Villegas, J., Mulero, V., Calado, A.
Developmental and comparative immunology   49: 44-48 (Journal)
Registered Authors
de Oliveira, Sofia, Galindo-Villegas, Jorge, Mulero, Victor
Bacterial infection, Chemokines, Neutrophils, Tg(mpx:gfp), cxcl8
MeSH Terms
  • Animals
  • Disease Resistance/genetics
  • Disease Resistance/immunology*
  • Gene Expression/immunology
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Host-Pathogen Interactions/immunology
  • Interleukin-8/genetics
  • Interleukin-8/immunology*
  • Interleukin-8/metabolism
  • Larva/genetics
  • Larva/immunology
  • Larva/microbiology
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Salmonella typhimurium/immunology*
  • Salmonella typhimurium/physiology
  • Survival Analysis
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/immunology*
  • Zebrafish/microbiology
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/immunology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
25445910 Full text @ Dev. Comp. Immunol.
In recent years zebrafish has emerged as an excellent model for studying the Cxcl8 signaling pathway in inflammation elicited upon tissue damage or infection. Zebrafish has two true homologs of mammalian CXCL8, named Cxcl8-l1 and Cxcl8-l2. Previously, we have shown that in wound-associated inflammation, these chemokines are up-regulated and are relevant for neutrophil recruitment. In infections, no such knowledge is available as most studies performed on this subject in zebrafish have mainly focused on Cxcl8-l1 even though Cxcl8-l2 shares higher homology with human CXCL8. In this study, we aimed to address the biological function of both zfCxcl8s in infection to improve our understanding of their respective roles under different inflammatory conditions. Gene expression analysis first confirmed that both Cxcl8-l1 and l2 are induced upon infection or in PAMP-elicited inflammatory processes. In addition, we also found that cxcl8-deficient larvae show higher susceptibility to Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium (S. Typhimurium) infection, reduced neutrophil recruitment to the infection site assayed in the line Tg(mpx:gfp), and decreased bacterial clearance. These data indicate that both zebrafish Cxcl8s play important roles in neutrophil recruitment and in the inflammatory response elicited upon infection or tissue damage, suggesting that even though the divergence of lower vertebrates and humans from a common ancestor occurred about 450 millions years ago, the basic principles of neutrophil recruitment are apparently conserved in all vertebrates.
Genes / Markers
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Mutations / Transgenics
Human Disease / Model
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes