ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-140416-3
The progress and promise of zebrafish as a model to study mast cells
Prykhozhij, S.V., and Berman, J.N.
Date: 2014
Source: Developmental and comparative immunology   46(1): 74-83 (Review)
Registered Authors: Berman, Jason, Prykhozhij, Sergey
Keywords: Adaptive immunity, Hematopoiesis, Innate immunity, Mast cells, Mastocytosis, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Biological Evolution
  • Humans
  • Mast Cells/cytology
  • Mast Cells/immunology*
  • Mastocytosis/immunology
  • Models, Animal*
  • Zebrafish/immunology*
PubMed: 24508982 Full text @ Dev. Comp. Immunol.

Immunological and hematological research using the zebrafish (Danio rerio) has significantly advanced our understanding of blood lineage ontology, cellular functions and mechanisms, and provided opportunities for disease modeling. Mast cells are an immunological cell type involved in innate and adaptive immune systems, hypersensitivity reactions and cancer progression. The application of zebrafish to study mast cell biology exploits the developmental and imaging opportunities inherent in this model system to enable detailed genetic and molecular studies of this lineage outside of traditional mammalian models. In this review, we first place the importance of mast cell research in zebrafish into the context of comparative studies of mast cells in other fish species and highlight its advantages due to superior experimental tractability and direct visualization in transparent embryos. We discuss current and future tools for mast cell research in zebrafish and the notable results of using zebrafish for understanding mast cell fate determination and our development of a systemic mastocytosis model.