ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-130703-11
Ribosome profiling reveals resemblance between long non-coding RNAs and 5' leaders of coding RNAs
Chew, G.L., Pauli, A., Rinn, J.L., Regev, A., Schier, A.F., and Valen, E.
Date: 2013
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   140(13): 2828-2834 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Pauli, Andrea, Schier, Alexander
Keywords: long non-coding RNAs, ribosome profiling, embryogenesis, zebrafish, ES cells
Microarrays: GEO:GSE32898, GEO:GSE46512
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Embryonic Development/genetics
  • Embryonic Development/physiology
  • RNA/genetics*
  • RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics*
  • Ribosomes/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/growth & development
PubMed: 23698349 Full text @ Development

Large-scale genomics and computational approaches have identified thousands of putative long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). It has been controversial, however, as to what fraction of these RNAs is truly non-coding. Here, we combine ribosome profiling with a machine-learning approach to validate lncRNAs during zebrafish development in a high throughput manner. We find that dozens of proposed lncRNAs are protein-coding contaminants and that many lncRNAs have ribosome profiles that resemble the 52 leaders of coding RNAs. Analysis of ribosome profiling data from embryonic stem cells reveals similar properties for mammalian lncRNAs. These results clarify the annotation of developmental lncRNAs and suggest a potential role for translation in lncRNA regulation. In addition, our computational pipeline and ribosome profiling data provide a powerful resource for the identification of translated open reading frames during zebrafish development.