ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-130607-1
Expression of phosphatase of regenerating liver family genes during embryogenesis: an evolutionary developmental analysis among Drosophila, amphioxus, and zebrafish
Lin, M.D., Lee, H.T., Wang, S.C., Li, H.R., Hsien, H.L., Cheng, K.W., Chang, Y.D., Huang, M.L., Yu, J.K., and Chen, Y.H.
Date: 2013
Source: BMC Developmental Biology   13: 18 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chen, Yau-Hung
Keywords: phosphatase of regeneration liver, PTP4A, embryogenesis, Drosophila, Zebrafish, amphioxus
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Lineage
  • Cell Membrane/enzymology
  • Chordata/embryology*
  • Drosophila/embryology*
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/chemistry
  • Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases/genetics*
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
PubMed: 23641863 Full text @ BMC Dev. Biol.


Phosphatase of regenerating liver (PRL) family is classified as class IVa of protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTP4A) that removes phosphate groups from phosphorylated tyrosine residues on proteins. PRL phosphatases have been implicated in a number of tumorigenesis and metastasis processes and are highly conserved. However, the understanding of PRL expression profiles during embryonic development is very limited.


In this study, we demonstrated and characterized the comprehensive expression pattern of Drosophila PRL, amphioxus PRL, and zebrafish PRLs during embryonic development by either whole mount immunostaining or in situ hybridization. Our results indicate that Drosophila PRL is mainly enriched in developing mid-guts and central nervous system (CNS) in embryogenesis. In amphioxus, initially PRL gene is expressed ubiquitously during early embryogenesis, but its expression become restricted to the anterior neural tube in the cerebral vesicle. In zebrafish, PRL-1 and PRL-2 share similar expression patterns, most of which are neuronal lineages. In contrast, the expression of zebrafish PRL-3 is more specific and preferential in muscle.


This study, for the first time, elucidated the embryonic expression pattern of Drosophila, amphioxus, and zebrafish PRL genes. The shared PRL expression pattern in the developing CNS among diverse animals suggests that PRL may play conserved roles in these animals for CNS development.