Characterization of Ca(2+) signaling in the external yolk syncytial layer during the late blastula and early gastrula periods of zebrafish development

Yuen, M.Y., Webb, S.E., Chan, C.M., Thisse, B., Thisse, C., and Miller, A.L.
Biochimica et biophysica acta. Molecular cell research   1833(7): 1641-56 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Miller, Andrew L., Thisse, Bernard, Thisse, Christine, Webb, Sarah E.
Ca2 + wave, blastula/gastrula period, nuclei clustering, perinuclear endoplasmic reticulum, yolk syncytial layer, zebrafish
MeSH Terms
  • Aequorin/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Blastula/metabolism*
  • Calcium Channels/metabolism
  • Calcium Signaling/physiology*
  • Cell Nucleus/metabolism
  • Egg Yolk/cytology
  • Egg Yolk/metabolism*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/cytology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism*
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum/ultrastructure
  • Gastrula/metabolism*
  • Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptors/metabolism
  • Microscopy, Confocal
  • Microscopy, Fluorescence, Multiphoton
  • Signal Transduction
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism
23142640 Full text @ BBA Molecular Cell Research

Preferential loading of the complementary bioluminescent (f-aequorin) and fluorescent (Calcium Green-1 dextran) Ca2 + reporters into the yolk syncytial layer (YSL) of zebrafish embryos, revealed the generation of stochastic patterns of fast, short-range, and slow, long-range Ca2 + waves that propagate exclusively through the external YSL (E-YSL). Starting abruptly just after doming (~ 4.5 h post-fertilization: hpf), and ending at the shield stage (~ 6.0 hpf) these distinct classes of waves propagated at mean velocities of ~ 50 and ~ 4 μm/s, respectively. Although the number and pattern of these waves varied between embryos, their initiation site and arcs of propagation displayed a distinct dorsal bias, suggesting an association with the formation and maintenance of the nascent dorsal-ventral axis. Wave initiation coincided with a characteristic clustering of YSL nuclei (YSN), and their associated perinuclear ER, in the E-YSL. Furthermore, the inter-YSN distance (IND) appeared to be critical such that Ca2 + wave propagation occurred only when this was <~ 8 μm; an IND >~ 8 μm was coincidental with wave termination at shield stage. Treatment with the IP3R antagonist, 2-APB, the Ca2 + buffer, 5,52-dibromo BAPTA, and the SERCA-pump inhibitor, thapsigargin, resulted in a significant disruption of the E-YSL Ca2 + waves, whereas exposure to the RyR antagonists, ryanodine and dantrolene, had no significant effect. These findings led us to propose that the E-YSL Ca2 + waves are generated mainly via Ca2 + release from IP3Rs located in the perinuclear ER, and that the clustering of the YSN is an essential step in providing a CICR pathway required for wave propagation. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: 12th European Symposium on Calcium.

Genes / Markers
Show all Figures
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes