ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-120830-10
Melanophore Migration and Survival during Zebrafish Adult Pigment Stripe Development Require the Immunoglobulin Superfamily Adhesion Molecule Igsf11
Eom, D.S., Inoue, S., Patterson, L.B., Gordon, T.N., Slingwine, R., Kondo, S., Watanabe, M., and Parichy, D.M.
Date: 2012
Source: PLoS Genetics   8(8): e1002899 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Kondo, Shigeru, Parichy, David M., Patterson, Larissa, Watanabe, Masakatsu
Keywords: Melanophores, Pigments, Precursor cells, Antibodies, Pattern formation,Fishes, Zebrafish, Adhesives
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Biological Evolution
  • Body Patterning/genetics*
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics*
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cell Movement
  • Cell Survival
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Fish Proteins/genetics*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental
  • Immunoglobulins/genetics*
  • Larva/genetics
  • Melanophores/cytology
  • Melanophores/metabolism*
  • Melanophores/transplantation
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Pigmentation/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
PubMed: 22916035 Full text @ PLoS Genet.

The zebrafish adult pigment pattern has emerged as a useful model for understanding the development and evolution of adult form as well as pattern-forming mechanisms more generally. In this species, a series of horizontal melanophore stripes arises during the larval-to-adult transformation, but the genetic and cellular bases for stripe formation remain largely unknown. Here, we show that the seurat mutant phenotype, consisting of an irregular spotted pattern, arises from lesions in the gene encoding Immunoglobulin superfamily member 11 (Igsf11). We find that Igsf11 is expressed by melanophores and their precursors, and we demonstrate by cell transplantation and genetic rescue that igsf11 functions autonomously to this lineage in promoting adult stripe development. Further analyses of cell behaviors in vitro, in vivo, and in explant cultures ex vivo demonstrate that Igsf11 mediates adhesive interactions and that mutants for igsf11 exhibit defects in both the migration and survival of melanophores and their precursors. These findings identify the first in vivo requirements for igsf11 as well as the first instance of an immunoglobulin superfamily member functioning in pigment cell development and patterning. Our results provide new insights into adult pigment pattern morphogenesis and how cellular interactions mediate pattern formation.