ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-120630-11
Sonic hedgehog is indirectly required for intraretinal axon pathfinding by regulating chemokine expression in the optic stalk
Hörndli C.S., and Chien, C.B.
Date: 2012
Source: Development (Cambridge, England)   139(14): 2604-2613 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chien, Chi-Bin
Keywords: axon guidance, tissue patterning, hh signaling, shh, cxcl12, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Axons/metabolism*
  • Chemokines/metabolism*
  • Hedgehog Proteins/genetics
  • Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism*
  • Optic Disk/cytology
  • Optic Disk/metabolism
  • Optic Nerve/cytology
  • Optic Nerve/metabolism*
  • Retina/cytology
  • Retina/metabolism*
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells/cytology
  • Retinal Ganglion Cells/metabolism
  • Visual Pathways/cytology
  • Visual Pathways/metabolism
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 22696293 Full text @ Development

Successful axon pathfinding requires both correct patterning of tissues, which will later harbor axonal tracts, and precise localization of axon guidance cues along these tracts at the time of axon outgrowth. Retinal ganglion cell (RGC) axons grow towards the optic disc in the central retina, where they turn to exit the eye through the optic nerve. Normal patterning of the optic disc and stalk and the expression of guidance cues at this choice point are necessary for the exit of RGC axons out of the eye. Sonic hedgehog (Shh) has been implicated in both patterning of ocular tissue and direct guidance of RGC axons. Here, we examine the precise spatial and temporal requirement for Hedgehog (Hh) signaling for intraretinal axon pathfinding and show that Shh acts to pattern the optic stalk in zebrafish but does not guide RGC axons inside the eye directly. We further reveal an interaction between the Hh and chemokine pathways for axon guidance and show that cxcl12a functions downstream of Shh and depends on Shh for its expression at the optic disc. Together, our results support a model in which Shh acts in RGC axon pathfinding indirectly by regulating axon guidance cues at the optic disc through patterning of the optic stalk.