ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-120227-11
VANGL2 regulates membrane trafficking of MMP14 to control cell polarity and migration
Williams, B.B., Cantrell, V.A., Mundell, N.A., Bennett, A.C., Quick, R.E., and Jessen, J.R.
Date: 2012
Source: Journal of Cell Science   125(9): 2141-2147 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Jessen, Jason R.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Adhesion/physiology
  • Cell Membrane/metabolism
  • Cell Movement/physiology
  • Cell Polarity/physiology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Endocytosis/physiology
  • Extracellular Matrix/metabolism
  • Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/genetics
  • Focal Adhesion Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/metabolism*
  • Gastrula/embryology
  • Gastrula/metabolism*
  • Gastrulation/genetics*
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14/genetics
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase 14/metabolism*
  • Membrane Proteins/genetics
  • Membrane Proteins/metabolism*
  • Mutation
  • Protein Transport/physiology
  • Proteolysis
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/metabolism*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 22357946 Full text @ J. Cell Sci.
ABSTRACT

Planar cell polarity (PCP) describes the polarized orientation of cells within the plane of a tissue. Unlike epithelial PCP, the mechanisms underlying PCP signaling in migrating cells remain undefined. Here, the establishment of PCP must be coordinated with dynamic changes in cell adhesion and extracellular matrix (ECM) organization. During gastrulation, membrane type-1 matrix metalloproteinase (MMP14/MT1-MMP) is required for PCP and convergence and extension cell movements. We report that the PCP protein Vang-like 2 (VANGL2) regulates the endocytosis and cell surface availability of MMP14 in a focal adhesion kinase dependent manner. We demonstrate that zebrafish trilobite/vangl2 mutant embryos exhibit increased Mmp14 activity and decreased ECM. Furthermore, in vivo knockdown of Mmp14 partially rescues the Vangl2 loss of function convergence and extension phenotype. This study identifies a novel mechanism linking VANGL2 with MMP14 trafficking and suggests that establishment of PCP in migrating gastrula cells requires regulated proteolytic degradation/remodeling of ECM. Our findings implicate matrix metalloproteinases as downstream effectors of PCP and suggest a broadly applicable mechanism whereby VANGL2 affects diverse morphogenetic processes.

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