ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-120125-25
Immunostaining of dissected zebrafish embryonic heart
Yang, J., and Xu, X.
Date: 2012
Source: Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE   (59): e3510 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Xu, Xiaolei, Yang, Jingchun
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cardiac Surgical Procedures
  • Heart/anatomy & histology*
  • Heart/embryology*
  • Immunohistochemistry/methods*
  • Myocardium/cytology
  • Myocardium/ultrastructure*
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 22258109 Full text @ J. Vis. Exp.

Zebrafish embryo becomes a popular in vivo vertebrate model for studying cardiac development and human heart diseases due to its advantageous embryology and genetics 1,2. About 100-200 embryos are readily available every week from a single pair of adult fish. The transparent embryos that develop ex utero make them ideal for assessing cardiac defects 3. The expression of any gene can be manipulated via morpholino technology or RNA injection 4. Moreover, forward genetic screens have already generated a list of mutants that affect different perspectives of cardiogenesis 5.

Whole mount immunostaining is an important technique in this animal model to reveal the expression pattern of the targeted protein to a particular tissue 6. However, high resolution images that can reveal cellular or subcellular structures have been difficult, mainly due to the physical location of the heart and the poor penetration of the antibodies.

Here, we present a method to address these bottlenecks by dissecting heart first and then conducting the staining process on the surface of a microscope slide. To prevent the loss of small heart samples and to facilitate solution handling, we restricted the heart samples within a circle on the surface of the microscope slides drawn by an immEdge pen. After the staining, the fluorescence signals can be directly observed by a compound microscope.

Our new method significantly improves the penetration for antibodies, since a heart from an embryonic fish only consists of few cell layers. High quality images from intact hearts can be obtained within a much reduced procession time for zebrafish embryos aged from day 2 to day 6. Our method can be potentially extended to stain other organs dissected from either zebrafish or other small animals.