|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-111206-6|
|Source:||Journal of ethnopharmacology 139(2): 447-53 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Cheng, Shuk Han, Leung, Anskar|
|Keywords:||diabetic foot ulcer, radix astragali, radix rehmanniae, angiogenesis, VEGF, FGF, MAPK, wound healing, zebrafish embryos|
|PubMed:||22138660 Full text @ J. Ethnopharmacol.|
Diabetic foot ulceration results in high risk of lower extremity amputation, and represents a significant health care expenditure worldwide. Radix Astragali (RA) and Radix Rehmanniae (RR) are widely used Chinese medicinal herbs in treating diabetes, and have shown positive effects in enhancing wound healing in diabetic foot ulcer animal model.
Materials and methods
The angiogenic efficacy of NF3, a simplified 2-herb formula consisting of RA and RR in 2:1 ratio, was investigated. Median lethal concentration (LC50) and median effective concentration (EC50) were determined by treating zebrafish embryos with different concentrations of NF3 from 20 hpf to 72 hpf. The angiogenic activity of NF3 was examined in zebrafish embryos in vivo and by rat aortic ring assay in vitro. Cell cycle analysis of endothelial cells induced by NF3 was analyzed by flow cytometry using transgenic zebrafish Tg(fli1:EGFP). Real-time PCR was used to analyze mRNA expression profiles of selected genes involved in VEGF, FGF and MAPK pathways.
NF3 enhanced blood vessel formation as indicated by extra growth of intersegmental vessels in zebrafish embryos, and increased microvessels formation in rat aortic ring. NF3 also enhanced endothelial cells proliferation as shown by increased percentage of cells accumulating in S phase and G2/M phase of the cell cycle. NF3 exposure significantly induced up-regulation of VEGF-A, Flk-1, fgf1 and bRaf expression in zebrafish embryos.
Our results demonstrated that NF3 was effective in promoting angiogenesis in zebrafish embryos and by rat aortic ring assay, which provided scientific basis to support the use of NF3 as potential therapeutics in treating diabetic foot ulceration.