ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-111012-17
Zebrafish as a model for the study of human cancer
Etchin, J., Kanki, J.P., and Look, A.T.
Date: 2011
Source: Methods in cell biology   105: 309-337 (Chapter)
Registered Authors: Kanki, John, Look, A. Thomas
Keywords: intravasation, malignant, melanoma, mutagenesis, rhabdomyosarcoma, xenotransplantation
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics*
  • Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/metabolism
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Drug Discovery
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Gene Transfer Techniques*
  • High-Throughput Screening Assays*
  • Humans
  • Leukemia/embryology
  • Leukemia/genetics
  • Leukemia/pathology
  • Medical Oncology/methods*
  • Melanocytes/metabolism
  • Melanocytes/pathology
  • Melanoma/embryology
  • Melanoma/genetics
  • Melanoma/pathology
  • Mutagenesis/genetics*
  • Neoplasm Metastasis*/genetics
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms/embryology
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms/genetics
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma/embryology
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma/genetics
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma/pathology
  • Small Molecule Libraries/chemistry
  • Small Molecule Libraries/pharmacology
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins/deficiency*
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 21951536 Full text @ Meth. Cell. Biol.
Zebrafish provide an exciting animal model system for the study of human cancers. During the last few years many zebrafish models of cancer have been generated that recapitulate human hematologic malignancies and solid tumors. Concurrent technological advances have significantly improved the genetic tractability and unique advantage of in vivo imaging in zebrafish, providing a means to dissect the molecular pathways underlying tumor initiation, progression and metastasis. Comparisons of cancer-associated gene expression profiles have demonstrated a high degree of similarity in the gene signatures of specific types of tumor cells in fish and humans, indicating that the contributing genetic pathways leading to cancer are evolutionarily conserved. Furthermore, the high fecundity, optical clarity and small embryo size of zebrafish continue to make it particularly amenable to performing whole-organism small molecule screens to identify targets for therapeutic development. This chapter reviews a wide array of these zebrafish cancer models and illustrates the advantages of the zebrafish system for exploring the molecular mechanisms governing cancer-related cellular processes.