|ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-110628-13|
Retinoic acid signaling sequentially controls visceral and heart laterality in Zebrafish
Huang, S., Ma, J., Liu, X., Zhang, Y., and Luo, L.
|Source:||The Journal of biological chemistry 286(32): 28533-43 (Journal)|
|Registered Authors:||Luo, Lingfei, Ma, Jun|
|Keywords:||bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), development, embryo, liver, zebrafish, heart laterality, nodal, retinoic acid signaling, visceral laterality, bmp4|
|PubMed:||21669875 Full text @ J. Biol. Chem.|
Huang, S., Ma, J., Liu, X., Zhang, Y., and Luo, L. (2011) Retinoic acid signaling sequentially controls visceral and heart laterality in Zebrafish. The Journal of biological chemistry. 286(32):28533-43.
ABSTRACTDuring zebrafish development, the left-right (LR) asymmetric signals are first established around the Kupffers vesicle (KV), a ciliated organ generating directional fluid flow. Then, LR asymmetry is conveyed and stabilized in the lateral plate mesoderm (LPM). Although numerous molecules and signaling pathways are involved in controlling LR asymmetry, mechanistic difference and concordance between different organs during LR patterning are poorly understood. Here we show that RA signaling regulates laterality decisions at two stages in zebrafish. Before the 2-somite stage (2So), inhibition of RA signaling leads to randomized visceral laterality through bilateral expression of nodal/spaw in the LPM, which is mediated by increases in cilia length and defective directional fluid flow in KV. Fgf8 is required for the regulation of cilia length by RA signaling. Blockage of RA signaling before 2So also leads to mild defects of heart laterality, which become much more severe through perturbation of cardiac bmp4 asymmetry when RA signaling is blocked after 2So. At this stage, visceral laterality and the left-sided Nodal remain unaffected. These findings suggest that RA signaling controls visceral laterality through the left-sided Nodal signal before 2So, and regulates heart laterality through cardiac bmp4 mainly after 2So, first identifying sequential control and concordance of visceral and heart laterality.