ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-101222-7
Cdkn1c drives muscle differentiation through a positive feedback loop with Myod
Osborn, D.P., Li, K., Hinits, Y., and Hughes, S.M.
Date: 2011
Source: Developmental Biology   350(2): 464-475 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Hinits, Yaniv, Hughes, Simon M., Li, Kuoyu, Osborn, Dan
Keywords: Muscle, Cdkn1c, Zebrafish, Hedgehog, Myod, Myog, p57kip2
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p57/physiology*
  • Feedback, Physiological
  • Hedgehog Proteins/physiology
  • Muscle Development*
  • MyoD Protein/physiology*
  • Myogenic Regulatory Factor 5/physiology
  • Myogenin/genetics
  • Signal Transduction
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 21147088 Full text @ Dev. Biol.
Differentiation often requires conversion of analogue signals to a stable binary output through positive feedback. Hedgehog (Hh) signalling promotes myogenesis in the vertebrate somite, in part by raising the activity of muscle regulatory factors (MRFs) of the Myod family above a threshold. Hh is known to enhance MRF expression. Here we show that Hh is also essential at a second step that increases Myod protein activity, permitting it to promote Myogenin expression. Hh acts by inducing expression of cdkn1c (p57(Kip2)) in slow muscle precursor cells, but neither Hh nor Cdkn1c is required for their cell cycle exit. Cdkn1c co-operates with Myod to drive differentiation of several early zebrafish muscle fibre types. Myod in turn up-regulates cdkn1c, thereby providing a positive feedback loop that switches myogenic cells to terminal differentiation.