ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-101108-20
In the Absence of Sonic Hedgehog, p53 Induces Apoptosis and Inhibits Retinal Cell Proliferation, Cell-Cycle Exit and Differentiation in Zebrafish
Prykhozhij, S.V.
Date: 2010
Source: PLoS One   5(10): e13549 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Prykhozhij, Sergey
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Apoptosis
  • Cell Cycle*
  • Cell Differentiation*
  • Cell Proliferation*
  • Gene Knockdown Techniques
  • Hedgehog Proteins/genetics
  • Hedgehog Proteins/metabolism
  • Hedgehog Proteins/physiology*
  • Retina/cytology*
  • Signal Transduction
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/physiology*
  • Zebrafish/embryology
PubMed: 21042410 Full text @ PLoS One
BACKGROUND: Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling regulates cell proliferation during vertebrate development via induction of cell-cycle regulator gene expression or activation of other signalling pathways, prevents cell death by an as yet unclear mechanism and is required for differentiation of retinal cell types. Thus, an unsolved question is how the same signalling molecule can regulate such distinct cell processes as proliferation, cell survival and differentiation. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Analysis of the zebrafish shh(-/-) mutant revealed that in this context p53 mediates elevated apoptosis during nervous system and retina development and interferes with retinal proliferation and differentiation. While in shh(-/-) mutants there is activation of p53 target genes and p53-mediated apoptosis, an increase in Hedgehog (Hh) signalling by over-expression of dominant-negative Protein Kinase A strongly decreased p53 target gene expression and apoptosis levels in shh(-/-) mutants. Using a novel p53 reporter transgene, I confirm that p53 is active in tissues that require Shh for cell survival. Proliferation assays revealed that loss of p53 can rescue normal cell-cycle exit and the mitotic indices in the shh(-/-) mutant retina at 24, 36 and 48 hpf. Moreover, generation of amacrine cells and photoreceptors was strongly enhanced in the double p53(-/-)shh(-/-) mutant retina suggesting the effect of p53 on retinal differentiation. CONCLUSIONS: Loss of Shh signalling leads to the p53-dependent apoptosis in the developing nervous system and retina. Moreover, Shh-mediated control of p53 activity is required for proliferation and cell cycle exit of retinal cells as well as differentiation of amacrine cells and photoreceptors.