ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-100806-20
Do zebrafish Rh proteins act as dual ammonia–CO2 channels?
Perry, S.F., Braun, M.H., Noland, M., Dawdy, J., and Walsh, P.J.
Date: 2010
Source: Journal of experimental zoology. Part A, Ecological genetics and physiology   313(9): 618-621 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Perry, Steve F.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Ammonia/metabolism*
  • Animals
  • Biological Transport/physiology*
  • Carbon Dioxide/physiology*
  • Membrane Transport Proteins/physiology*
  • Oxygen Consumption/physiology
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
PubMed: 20683854 Full text @ J. Exp. Zool. Part A Ecol. Genet. Physiol.
Transfer of the small gaseous molecules CO(2) and NH(3) across biological membranes, long thought to occur solely by simple diffusion, is now known to be facilitated by members of two multigene families: aquaporins (AQP) and rhesus (Rh) proteins. Although it is accepted that AQP1 and Rh proteins are involved in CO(2) and NH(3) transfer, respectively, the idea that a single channel can exhibit selectivity for both gases is controversial. Indeed, studies using the same in vitro model (human red blood cells) have provided evidence both for and against a role for Rh proteins as CO(2) channels. Thus, this study was initiated to provide in vivo evidence for a dual function of Rh proteins as ammonia and CO(2) channels. Here, we show that in zebrafish (Danio rerio), direct ammonia-CO(2) competition experiments in adults or translational knockdowns of Rh proteins in larvae affects both ammonia and CO(2) excretion. These results suggest that Rh proteins in zebrafish may be common pathways for transport of ammonia and CO(2).