ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-100223-52
Nephrotoxicity assessments of acetaminophen during zebrafish embryogenesis
Peng, H.C., Wang, Y.H., Wen, C.C., Wang, W.H., Cheng, C.C., and Chen, Y.H.
Date: 2010
Source: Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Toxicology & pharmacology : CBP   151(4): 480-486 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chen, Yau-Hung
Keywords: acetaminophen, fluorescent, kidney, nephrotoxicity, transgenic, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Abnormalities, Drug-Induced/etiology*
  • Abnormalities, Drug-Induced/pathology
  • Acetaminophen/toxicity*
  • Analgesics, Non-Narcotic/toxicity*
  • Animals
  • Cyclooxygenase 2/genetics
  • Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Embryo Loss/chemically induced
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/drug effects*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/embryology
  • Embryonic Development/drug effects*
  • Gene Expression/drug effects
  • Kidney/abnormalities
  • Kidney/drug effects*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism
  • Time Factors
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/genetics
  • Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/physiology*
PubMed: 20170747 Full text @ Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C Toxicol. Pharmacol.
We used a green fluorescent kidney line, Tg(wt1b:GFP), as a model to access the acetaminophen (AAP)-induced nephrotoxicity dynamically. Zebrafish (Danio rerio) embryos at different developmental stages (12-60 hpf) were treated with different dosage of AAP (0-45mM) for different time course (12-60h). Results showed that zebrafish embryos exhibited no evident differences in survival rates and morphological changes between the mock-treated control (0mM) and 2.25mM AAP-exposure (12-72hpf) groups. In contrast, after higher doses (22.5, 45mM) of exposure, embryos displayed malformed kidney phenotypes, such as curved, cystic pronephric tube, pronephric duct, and a cystic and atrophic glomerulus. The percentages of embryos with malformed kidney phenotypes increased as the exposure dosages of AAP increased. Interestingly, under the same exposure time course (12h) and dose (22.5mM), embryos displayed higher percentages of severe defects at earlier developmental stage of exposure (12-24hpf), whereas embryos displayed higher percentages of mild defects at later exposure (60-72hpf). With an exposure time course less than 24h of 45mM AAP, no embryo survived by the developmental stage of 72hpf. These results indicated that AAP-induced nephrotoxicity depended on the exposure dose, time course and developmental stages. Immunohistochemical experiments showed that the cells' morphologies of the pronephric tube, pronephric duct and glomerulus were disrupted by AAP, and consequently caused cell death. Real-time RT-PCR revealed embryos after AAP treatment decreased the expression of cox-2 and bcl2, but increased p53 expression. In conclusion, AAP-induced defects on glomerulus, pronephric tube and pronephric duct could be easily and dynamically observed in vivo during kidney development in this present model.