ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-091120-17
Crucial role of phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase III{alpha} in development of zebrafish pectoral fin is linked to phosphoinositide 3-kinase and FGF signaling
Ma, H., Blake, T., Chitnis, A., Liu, P., and Balla, T.
Date: 2009
Source: Journal of Cell Science   122(Pt 23): 4303-4310 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Chitnis, Ajay
Keywords: PI4K, PI3K, FGF signaling, Zebrafish, Limb development
MeSH Terms:
  • 1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase/genetics
  • 1-Phosphatidylinositol 4-Kinase/physiology*
  • Animals
  • Chromones/pharmacology
  • Dual Specificity Phosphatase 6/genetics
  • Dual Specificity Phosphatase 6/physiology
  • Extremities/embryology*
  • Fibroblast Growth Factors/metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/physiology
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • In Situ Nick-End Labeling
  • Morpholines/pharmacology
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors
  • Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/physiology*
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Signal Transduction/genetics
  • Signal Transduction/physiology
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
PubMed: 19887586 Full text @ J. Cell Sci.
Phosphatidylinositol 4-kinases (PI4Ks) catalyze the first committed step in the synthesis of phosphoinositides, important lipid regulators of signaling and trafficking pathways. Here we cloned Pik4a, one of the zebrafish PI4K enzymes, and studied its role(s) in vertebrate development using morpholino oligonucleotide-based gene silencing in zebrafish. Downregulation of Pik4a led to multiple developmental abnormalities, affecting the brain, heart, trunk and most prominently causing loss of pectoral fins. Strikingly similar defects were caused by treatment of the developing embryos with the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, LY294002. To investigate the cause of the pectoral fin developmental defect, we focused on fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling pathways because vertebrate limb development requires the concerted action of a series of FGF ligands. Using in situ hybridization, the pectoral fin defect was traced to disruption of the early FGF signaling loops that are crucial for the establishment of the sharp signaling center formed by the apical ectodermal ridge and the underlying mesenchyme. This, in turn caused a prominent loss of the induction of one of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) phosphatases, Mkp3, an essential intermediate in vertebrate limb development. These changes were associated with impaired proliferation in the developing fin bud due to a loss of balance between the MAPK and PI3K branch of FGF-initiated signals. Our results identify Pik4a as an upstream partner of PI3Ks in the signaling cascade orchestrated by FGF receptors with a prominent role in forelimb development.