The Molecular Structures and Expression Patterns of Zebrafish Troponin I Genes

Fu, C.Y., Lee, H.C., and Tsai, H.J.
Gene expression patterns : GEP   9(5): 348-356 (Journal)
Registered Authors
Tsai, Huai-Jen
Zebrafish, Troponin I, Muscle, Expression pattern, Molecular structure
MeSH Terms
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/embryology
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Profiling*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Male
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Isoforms/genetics
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Somites/metabolism
  • Time Factors
  • Troponin I/classification
  • Troponin I/genetics*
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
19602390 Full text @ Gene Expr. Patterns
Troponin I (TnnI), a constituent of the troponin complex located on the thin filament, provides a calcium-sensitive switch for striated muscle contraction. Cardiac TnnI is, therefore, a highly sensitive and specific marker of myocardial injury in acute coronary syndromes. The TnnI gene, which has been identified in birds and mammals, encodes the isoforms expressed in cardiac muscle, fast skeletal muscle and slow skeletal muscle. However, very little is known about the TnnI gene in lower vertebrates. Here, we cloned and characterized the molecular structures and expression patterns of three types of zebrafish TnnI genes: tnni1, tnni2 and tnni-HC (heart and craniofacial). Based on the unrooted radial gene tree analysis of the TnnI gene among vertebrates, the zebrafish TnnI1 and TnnI2 we cloned were homologous of the slow muscle TnnI1 and fast muscle TnnI2 of other vertebrates, respectively. In addition, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and whole-mount in situ hybridization demonstrated that zebrafish tnni1 and tnni2 transcripts were not detectable in the somites until 16 hours post-fertilization (hpf), after which they were identified as slow- and fast-muscle-specific, respectively. Interestingly,tnni-HC, a novel TnnI isoform of zebrafish was expressed exclusively in heart during early cardiogenesis at 16 hpf, but then extended its expression in craniofacial muscle after 48 hpf. Thus, using zebrafish as our system model, it is suggested that the results, as noted above, may provide more insight into the molecular structure and expression patterns of the lower vertebrate TnnI gene.
Genes / Markers
Mutation and Transgenics
Human Disease / Model Data
Sequence Targeting Reagents
Engineered Foreign Genes
Errata and Notes