ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-081203-25
Shared versus Specialized Glycinergic Spinal Interneurons in Axial Motor Circuits of Larval Zebrafish
Liao, J.C., and Fetcho, J.R.
Date: 2008
Source: The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience   28(48): 12982-12992 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Fetcho, Joseph R.
Keywords: zebrafish, glycinergic spinal interneurons, axial motor patterns, spinal cord, motor, central pattern generator
MeSH Terms:
  • Action Potentials/physiology
  • Animals
  • Efferent Pathways/cytology
  • Efferent Pathways/metabolism
  • Glycine/metabolism*
  • Interneurons/cytology
  • Interneurons/metabolism*
  • Larva/anatomy & histology
  • Larva/growth & development
  • Larva/metabolism
  • Locomotion/physiology
  • Motor Neurons/cytology
  • Motor Neurons/metabolism*
  • Muscle, Skeletal/innervation*
  • Muscle, Skeletal/physiology
  • Nerve Net/cytology
  • Nerve Net/growth & development
  • Nerve Net/metabolism
  • Neural Inhibition/physiology
  • Patch-Clamp Techniques
  • Spinal Cord/cytology
  • Spinal Cord/growth & development*
  • Spinal Cord/metabolism
  • Swimming/physiology
  • Synapses/metabolism
  • Synaptic Transmission/physiology
  • Zebrafish/anatomy & histology
  • Zebrafish/growth & development*
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 19036991 Full text @ J. Neurosci.
The neuronal networks in spinal cord can produce a diverse array of motor behaviors. In aquatic vertebrates such as fishes and tadpoles, these include escape behaviors, swimming across a range of speeds, and struggling. We addressed the question of whether these behaviors are accomplished by a shared set of spinal interneurons activated in different patterns or, instead, involve specialized spinal interneurons that may shape the motor output to produce particular behaviors. We used larval zebrafish because they are capable of several distinct axial motor behaviors using a common periphery and a relatively small set of spinal neurons, easing the task of exploring the extent to which cell types are specialized for particular motor patterns. We performed targeted in vivo whole-cell patch recordings in 3 d post fertilization larvae to reveal the activity pattern of four commissural glycinergic interneuron types during escape, swimming and struggling behaviors. While some neuronal classes were shared among different motor patterns, we found others that were active only during a single one. These specialized neurons had morphological and functional properties consistent with a role in shaping key features of the motor behavior in which they were active. Our results, in combination with other evidence from excitatory interneurons, support the idea that patterns of activity in a core network of shared spinal neurons may be shaped by more specialized interneurons to produce an assortment of motor behaviors.