ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-070726-12
Expression of the Ku70 subunit (XRCC6) and protection from low dose ionizing radiation during zebrafish embryogenesis
Bladen, C.L., Navarre, S., Dynan, W.S., and Kozlowski, D.J.
Date: 2007
Source: Neuroscience letters   422(2): 97-102 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Kozlowski, David J., Navarre, Sammy
Keywords: Ku protein, Ku70, XRCC6, Embryo, Ionizing radiation, Nonhomologous end-joining, DNA repair, TUNEL, Apoptosis, Zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Nuclear/genetics*
  • Antigens, Nuclear/isolation & purification
  • Antigens, Nuclear/metabolism
  • Cell Death/genetics
  • Cell Death/radiation effects
  • Cell Differentiation/genetics
  • Cell Differentiation/radiation effects
  • Cytoprotection/genetics
  • Cytoprotection/radiation effects
  • DNA Damage/genetics
  • DNA Damage/radiation effects
  • DNA Repair/genetics
  • DNA Repair/radiation effects*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics*
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/isolation & purification
  • DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/embryology*
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/radiation effects*
  • Embryonic Development/genetics
  • Embryonic Development/radiation effects*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/genetics
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/radiation effects
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • RNA, Messenger/antagonists & inhibitors
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Radiation Dosage
  • Radiation, Ionizing
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid
  • Species Specificity
  • Zebrafish/embryology*
  • Zebrafish/genetics
  • Zebrafish/metabolism
PubMed: 17630212 Full text @ Neurosci. Lett.
The Ku70 protein, a product of the XRCC6 gene, is a component of the nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) pathway of DNA repair, which protects cells from the effects of radiation-induced DNA damage. Although the spatial expression of Ku70 during vertebrate embryogenesis has not been described, DNA repair proteins are generally considered to be "housekeeping" genes, which are required for radioprotection in all cells. Here, we report the cloning and characterization of the zebrafish Ku70 ortholog. In situ hybridization and RT-PCR analyses demonstrate that Ku70 mRNA is maternally provided and expressed uniformly among embryonic blastomeres. Later during embryogenesis, zygotically transcribed Ku70 mRNA specifically accumulates in neural tissue, including the retina and proliferative regions of the developing brain. In the absence of genotoxic stress, morpholino-mediated knockdown of Ku70 expression does not affect zebrafish embryogenesis. However, exposure of Ku70 morpholino-injected embryos to low doses of ionizing radiation leads to marked cell death throughout the developing brain, spinal cord, and tail. These results suggest that Ku70 protein plays a crucial role in protecting the developing nervous system from radiation-induced DNA damage during embryogenesis.