ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-070424-9
Contactin1a expression is associated with oligodendrocyte differentiation and axonal regeneration in the central nervous system of zebrafish
Schweitzer, J., Gimnopoulos, D., Lieberoth, B.C., Pogoda, H.M., Feldner, J., Ebert, A., Schachner, M., Becker, T., and Becker, C.G.
Date: 2007
Source: Molecular and cellular neurosciences   35(2): 194-207 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Becker, Catherina G., Becker, Thomas, Ebert, Anselm, Feldner, Julia, Lieberoth, Bettina, Pogoda, Hans-Martin, Schachner, Melitta, Schweitzer, Jörn
Keywords: Schwann cells, Oligodendrocytes, Immunoglobulin superfamily, Development, Regeneration, Protein zero, DMalpha2, erbb3
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Animals, Genetically Modified
  • Animals, Newborn
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal/genetics
  • Cell Adhesion Molecules, Neuronal/metabolism*
  • Cell Differentiation/physiology*
  • Central Nervous System/pathology*
  • Central Nervous System/physiopathology
  • Contactin 1
  • Contactins
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian
  • Eye Enucleation/methods
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental/physiology*
  • In Situ Hybridization/methods
  • Microscopy, Electron, Transmission/methods
  • Myelin P0 Protein/metabolism
  • Myelin-Associated Glycoprotein/metabolism
  • Nerve Regeneration/physiology*
  • Neurons/physiology
  • Neurons/ultrastructure
  • Oligodendroglia/physiology*
  • Oligodendroglia/ultrastructure
  • Optic Nerve Injuries/pathology
  • Optic Nerve Injuries/physiopathology
  • RNA, Messenger/genetics
  • RNA, Messenger/metabolism
  • Receptor, ErbB-3/genetics
  • Spinal Cord Injuries/pathology
  • Spinal Cord Injuries/physiopathology
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins
PubMed: 17425960 Full text @ Mol. Cell Neurosci.
Contactin1a (Cntn1a) is a zebrafish homolog of contactin1 (F3/F11/contactin) in mammals, an immunoglobulin superfamily recognition molecule of neurons and oligodendrocytes. We describe conspicuous Cntn1a mRNA expression in oligodendrocytes in the developing optic pathway of zebrafish. In adults, this expression is only retained in glial cells in the intraretinal optic fiber layer, which contains 'loose' myelin. After optic nerve lesion, oligodendrocytes re-express Cntn1a mRNA independently of the presence of regenerating axons and retinal ganglion cells upregulate Cntn1a expression to levels that are significantly higher than those during development. After spinal cord lesion, expression of Cntn1a mRNA is similarly increased in axotomized brainstem neurons and white matter glial cells in the spinal cord. In addition, reduced mRNA expression in the trigeminal/anterior lateral line ganglion in erbb3-deficient mutant larvae implies Cntn1a in Schwann cell differentiation. These complex regulation patterns suggest roles for Cntn1a in myelinating cells and neurons particularly in successful CNS regeneration.