ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-051214-16
The odorant receptor repertoire of teleost fish
Alioto, T.S., and Ngai, J.
Date: 2005
Source: BMC Genomics   6: 173 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Ngai, John
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Algorithms
  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Animals
  • Cell Lineage
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Codon
  • Computational Biology
  • Databases, Genetic
  • Evolution, Molecular
  • Fishes
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Humans
  • Models, Biological
  • Multigene Family
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Structure, Secondary
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Receptors, Odorant/genetics*
  • Receptors, Odorant/metabolism*
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Species Specificity
  • Takifugu
  • Zebrafish
PubMed: 16332259 Full text @ BMC Genomics
BACKGROUND: Vertebrate odorant receptors comprise three types of G protein-coupled receptors: the OR, V1R and V2R receptors. The OR superfamily contains over 1,000 genes in some mammalian species, representing the largest gene superfamily in the mammalian genome. RESULTS: To facilitate an informed analysis of OR gene phylogeny, we identified the complete set of 143 OR genes in the zebrafish genome, as well as the OR repertoires in two pufferfish species, fugu (44 genes) and tetraodon (42 genes). Although the genomes analyzed here contain fewer genes than in mammalian species, the teleost OR genes can be grouped into a larger number of major clades, representing greater overall OR diversity in the fish. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the phylogeny of fish and mammalian repertoires, we propose a model for OR gene evolution in which different ancestral OR genes or gene families were selectively lost or expanded in different vertebrate lineages. In addition, our calculations of the ratios of non-synonymous to synonymous codon substitutions among more recently expanding OR subgroups in zebrafish implicate residues that may be involved in odorant binding.