ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-051031-14
Phosphatidylinositol transfer protein-alpha in netrin-1-induced PLC signalling and neurite outgrowth
Xie, Y., Ding, Y.Q., Hong, Y., Feng, Z., Navarre, S., Xi, C.X., Zhu, X.J., Wang, C.L., Ackerman, S.L., Kozlowski, D., Mei, L., and Xiong, W.C.
Date: 2005
Source: Nature cell biology   7(11): 1124-1132 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Kozlowski, David J., Navarre, Sammy
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chick Embryo/cytology*
  • Chick Embryo/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lipid Metabolism/physiology
  • Membrane Proteins/metabolism
  • Membrane Proteins/physiology
  • Nerve Growth Factors/physiology*
  • Neurites/metabolism*
  • Neurons/cytology
  • Neurons/metabolism
  • Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-Diphosphate/metabolism
  • Phospholipid Transfer Proteins/metabolism
  • Phospholipid Transfer Proteins/physiology*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface/metabolism
  • Signal Transduction/drug effects
  • Transfection
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
  • Tumor Suppressor Proteins/physiology*
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/physiology
  • Zebrafish Proteins
PubMed: 16244667 Full text @ Nat. Cell Biol.
Neurite extension is essential for wiring the nervous system during development. Although several factors are known to regulate neurite outgrowth, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we provide evidence for a role of phosphatidylinositol transfer protein-alpha (PITPalpha) in neurite extension in response to netrin-1, an extracellular guidance cue. PITPalpha interacts with the netrin receptor DCC (deleted in colorectal cancer) and neogenin. Netrin-1 stimulates PITPalpha binding to DCC and to phosphatidylinositol (5) phosphate [PI(5)P], increases its lipid-transfer activity and elevates hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PIP2). In addition, the stimulated PIP2 hydrolysis requires PITPalpha. Furthermore, cortical explants of PITPalpha mutant mice are defective in extending neurites in response to netrin-1. Commissural neurons from chicken embryos expressing a dominant-negative PITPalpha mutant show reduced axon outgrowth. Morpholino-mediated knockdown of PITPalpha expression in zebrafish embryos leads to dose-dependent defects in motor-neuron axons and reduced numbers of spinal-cord neurons. Taken together, these results identify a crucial role for PITPalpha in netrin-1-induced neurite outgrowth, revealing a signalling mechanism for DCC/neogenin and PITPalpha regulation.