ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-021015-5
A novel repressor-type homeobox gene, ved, is involved in dharma/bozozok-mediated dorsal organizer formation in zebrafish
Shimizu, T., Yamanaka, Y., Nojima, H., Yabe, T., Hibi, M., and Hirano, T.
Date: 2002
Source: Mechanisms of Development   118(1-2): 125-38 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Hibi, Masahiko, Nojima, Hideaki, Shimizu, Takashi, Yabe, Taijirou, Yamanaka, Yojiro
Keywords: ved; dharma/bozozok; vox/vegal; vent/vega2; goosecoid; chordino; zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Amino Acid Sequence*
  • Animals
  • Blotting, Western
  • Cell Line
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Herpes Simplex Virus Protein Vmw65/metabolism
  • Homeodomain Proteins/genetics*
  • Homeodomain Proteins/physiology
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Phylogeny
  • Plasmids/metabolism
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • RNA/metabolism
  • Repressor Proteins/biosynthesis
  • Repressor Proteins/genetics*
  • Repressor Proteins/physiology*
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Transcription, Genetic
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/biosynthesis
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins/physiology*
PubMed: 12351176 Full text @ Mech. Dev.
Dharma/Bozozok (Dha/Boz) is a homeodomain protein containing an Engrailed homology (Eh) 1 repressor motif. It is important in zebrafish dorsal organizer formation. Dha/Boz interacted with a co-repressor Groucho through the Eh1 motif. Expression of a Dha/Boz fused to the transcriptional activator VP16 repressed dorsal axis formation and the expression of organizer genes but led to the dorsal expansion of expression of the homeobox gene vox/vega1, indicating that Dha/Boz functions as a transcriptional repressor for dorsal axis formation. We also isolated a novel homeobox gene, ved, whose expression was negatively regulated by dha/boz. ved's sequence and expression profile were similar to those of vox/vega1 and vent/vega2. Like Vox/Vega1 and Vent/Vega2, Ved acted as a transcriptional repressor. The combined inhibition of ved, vox/vega1, and vent/vega2, by antisense morpholino injection, strongly dorsalized the embryos and elicited ventral expansion of organizer gene expression, compared with the effect of inhibiting each of these genes alone. These results suggest that ved is a target for the repressor Dha/Boz. ved functions redundantly with vox/ vega1 and vent/vega2 to restrict the organizer domain.