ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-000405-1
gridlock, an HLH gene required for assembly of the aorta in zebrafish
Zhong, T.P., Rosenberg, M., Mohideen, M.A.P.K., Weinstein, B., and Fishman, M.C.
Date: 2000
Source: Science (New York, N.Y.)   287(5459): 1820-1824 (Journal)
Registered Authors: Fishman, Mark C., Mohideen, Manzoor Pallithotangal, Weinstein, Brant M., Zhong, Tao P.
Keywords: none
MeSH Terms:
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Aorta/embryology*
  • Aorta/metabolism
  • Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Embryo, Nonmammalian/metabolism
  • Embryonic Development
  • Endothelium, Vascular/embryology
  • Endothelium, Vascular/metabolism
  • Gene Expression
  • Genotype
  • Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs*
  • Humans
  • Mesoderm/metabolism
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Morphogenesis/genetics
  • Mutation
  • Phenotype
  • Physical Chromosome Mapping
  • Proteins/chemistry
  • Proteins/genetics*
  • Proteins/physiology*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Stem Cells/cytology
  • Stem Cells/metabolism
  • Zebrafish/embryology
  • Zebrafish/genetics*
  • Zebrafish Proteins*
PubMed: 10710309 Full text @ Science
The first artery and vein of the vertebrate embryo assemble in the trunk by migration and coalescence of angioblasts to form endothelial tubes. The gridlock (grl) mutation in zebrafish selectively perturbs assembly of the artery (the aorta). Here it is shown that grl encodes a basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) protein belonging to the Hairy/Enhancer of the split family of bHLH proteins. The grl gene is expressed in lateral plate mesoderm before vessel formation, and thereafter in the aorta and not in the vein. These results suggest that the arterial endothelial identity is established even before the onset of blood flow and implicate the grl gene in assignment of vessel-specific cell fate.