Term: neuron neuromuscular junction
Note: This page represents a term created by the combination ("post-composition") of two ontology terms. For more information on the individual terms, click the hyperlinked name.
Name: neuron
Synonyms:
Definition: The basic cellular unit of nervous tissue. Each neuron consists of a body, an axon, and dendrites. Their purpose is to receive, conduct, and transmit impulses in the nervous system.
Ontology: Anatomy Ontology [ZFA:0009248]
Name: neuromuscular junction
Synonyms: motor endplate, NMJ
Definition: The junction between the axon of a motor neuron and a muscle fiber. In response to the arrival of action potentials, the presynaptic button releases molecules of neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft. These diffuse across the cleft and transmit the signal to the postsynaptic membrane of the muscle fiber, leading to a change in post-synaptic potential.
Ontology: GO: Cellular Component [GO:0031594]   QuickGO   AmiGO