ZFIN ID: ZDB-PUB-201020-38
Glucocorticoid receptor activities in the zebrafish model: a review
Dinarello, A., Licciardello, G., Fontana, C.M., Tiso, N., Argenton, F., Dalla Valle, L.
Date: 2020
Source: The Journal of endocrinology   247: R63-R82 (Review)
Registered Authors: Argenton, Francesco, Dalla Valle, Luisa, Fontana, Camila Maria, Tiso, Natascia
Keywords: Danio rerio, glucocorticoid receptor, glucocorticoids, morpholino knockdown, mutant lines, signaling pathways, transcriptional regulation, transgenic reporter lines, zebrafish
MeSH Terms:
  • Animals
  • Gene Expression Regulation
  • Glucocorticoids/metabolism
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid/genetics
  • Receptors, Glucocorticoid/metabolism*
  • Signal Transduction/physiology*
  • Zebrafish
  • Zebrafish Proteins/genetics
  • Zebrafish Proteins/metabolism*
PubMed: 33064662 Full text @ J. Endocrinol.
Glucocorticoids (GCs) are steroid hormones that contribute to the regulation of many physiological processes, such as inflammation, metabolism and stress response, mainly through binding to their cognate receptor, GR, which works as a ligand-activated transcription factor. Due to their pleiotropy and the common medical use of these steroids to treat patients affected by different pathologies, the investigation of their mechanisms of action is extremely important in biology and clinical research. The evolutionary conservation of GC physiological function, biosynthesis pathways, as well as the sequence and structure of the GC nuclear receptors has stimulated, in the last 20 years, the use of zebrafish (a teleost of Cyprinidae family) as a reliable model organism to investigate this topic. In this review, we wanted to collect many of the most significant findings obtained by the the scientific community using zebrafish to study GCs and their receptors. The paper begins by describing the experiments with transient knockdown of zebrafish gr to gain insights, mainly during development, and continues with the discoveries provided by the generation of transgenic reporter lines. Finally, we discuss how the generation of mutant lines for either gr or the enzymes involved in GC synthesis has significantly advanced our knowledge on GC biology.